Fan, LM; Owen, JS; Dickson, G; (1999) Construction and characterization of polycistronic retrovirus vectors for sustained and high-level co-expression of apolipoprotein A-I and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase. ATHEROSCLEROSIS , 147 (1) 139 - 145.
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Apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) are constituents of circulating high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles and play an important role in 'reverse cholesterol transport', the process by which cholesterol in peripheral tissues is transferred to the liver for excretion. Enhancing levels of apo A-I, as well as LCAT, in plasma may promote the removal of excess cholesterol from the arterial wall and thus reduce the formation of atherosclerotic lesions. Indeed, both apo A-I and LCAT genes have been identified as therapeutic targets Ito prevent or limit atherogenesis. Here, we have constructed two retroviral vectors, one containing LCAT cDNA and the neomycin phosphotransferase (NEO) gene (pLLEN), the other apo A-I cDNA, LCAT cDNA and the NEO gene (pLAPLEN) linked by internal ribosome entry sites (IRES). Both bi- and tricistronic retroviral vectors efficiently co-expressed their two or three genes when transfected into cultured mouse C2C12 muscle cells or human 293 cells. After 30 days, the retroviral vector sequences were retained by the host cells, whereas those of a conventional plasmid vector were lost. Moreover, transduced C2C12 mouse myoblasts maintained the ability for heterologous expression of human LCAT and apo A-I even after differentiation into myotubes. Stably-transduced clones of C2C12 cells were selected by neomycin (G418) resistance and continued to efficiently express human LCAT for 60 days. These findings indicate that the use of polycistronic retrovirus vectors to genetically modify myoblasts, which can be transplanted back into skeletal muscle, might be a safe and feasible strategy to express human apo A-I and LCAT and hence have therapeutic potential to regress atherosclerotic lesions. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights :reserved.
|Title:||Construction and characterization of polycistronic retrovirus vectors for sustained and high-level co-expression of apolipoprotein A-I and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase|
|Keywords:||atherosclerosis, cholesterol, gene delivery, high-density lipoproteins, retroviral vectors, skeletal muscle, HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN, ADENOVIRUS-MEDIATED TRANSFER, 5' NONTRANSLATED REGION, TRANSGENIC MICE, GENE-THERAPY, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, INTERNAL ENTRY, ATHEROSCLEROSIS, RABBITS, CELLS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)|
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