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Impact of HIV and AIDS on surgical practice

Dua, RS; Wajed, SA; Winslet, MC; (2007) Impact of HIV and AIDS on surgical practice. ANNALS OF THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS OF ENGLAND , 89 (4) 354 - 358. 10.1308/003588407X183436.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION Surgical intervention has become a common component in the management of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or suffering from the clinical consequences of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We investigated the evolution of this involvement at a tertiary referral centre for this condition over a 16-year period.PATIENTS AND METHODS Detailed retrospective examination of the medical records of HIV-positive patients treated at the Royal Free Hospital between 1986 and 2002 was undertaken. Clinical, pathological and operative details of those patients who underwent surgical intervention were recorded.RESULTS Of the 2100 cases reviewed, 477 patients underwent a combined total of 772 surgical procedures. Of the 772 operations, 95 (12.3%) were performed as emergencies. Anorectal surgery represented the highest group with a total of 195 procedures (25.26%) being undertaken. The majority of patients (59%) had AIDS at the time of surgery, and 27.04% had a significant co-existing medical problem. Overall postoperative complication rate was 10.1%, with the risk being significantly greater in those undergoing intra-abdominal surgery and emergency procedures.CONCLUSIONS This is the largest study to audit the impact of HIV/AIDS in general surgical practice in the UK retrospectively. Surgery for HIV patients can be safely conducted with a low complication rate for the diagnostic and anorectal procedures that comprise the vast majority of surgery in HIV/AIDS patients. Medical treatment for patients with HIV/AIDS has developed dramatically over the last two decades. In parallel, this has resulted in a heavy, new and varied workload for general surgeons, who have also had to adapt in order to deal with the challenging spectrum of this disease.

Type:Article
Title:Impact of HIV and AIDS on surgical practice
Location:Harrogate, ENGLAND
DOI:10.1308/003588407X183436
Keywords:HIV, AIDS, surgery, audit, HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS, INFECTION, MORBIDITY, PATIENT
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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