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Understanding the quadrupolar structures of UPd3

McEwen, KA; Walker, HC; Le, MD; McMorrow, DF; Colineau, E; Wastin, F; Wilkins, SB; ... Fort, D; + view all (2007) Understanding the quadrupolar structures of UPd3. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials , 310 (2 SUPPL.) pp. 718-722. 10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.10.520.

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Abstract

UPd 3 exhibits four phase transitions below T 0 = 7.8 K, attributed to a succession of antiferroquadrupolar (AFQ) orderings of the 5 f 2 uranium ions localised on the quasi-cubic sites of the dhcp crystal structure. From earlier pola rised neutron diffraction measurements in a magnetic field, we proposed that the order parameter of the phase below T 0 is Q x2 - y2 and a model for the order parameters of the four phases was subsequently developed. This model has now been tested experimentally with measurements of the azimuthal dependence of the intensities of the quadrupolar reflections in the different phases, by means of X-ray resonant scattering (XRS) studies at ESRF. The results indicate that the order parameter, in zero field, of the phase below T 0 is Q zx . Our model provides an explanation for these apparently contradictory results. New measurements of the heat capacity of UPd 3 at low temperatures have revealed the entropy changes at each of the four transitions. We find that the entropy changes (Δ S) at T 0 and T + 1 = 6.9 K are minimal, whereas Δ S is large at T - 1 = 6.7 K. From this information together with the new XRS results, we have extended our model to provide an explanation of the AFQ structures of UPd 3 . © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Understanding the quadrupolar structures of UPd3
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.10.520
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/9752
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