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Development of a high-resolution melting method for mutation detection in familial hypercholesterolaemia patients

Whittall, RA; Scartezini, M; Li, K; Hubbart, C; Reiner, Z; Abraha, A; ... Humphries, SE; + view all (2010) Development of a high-resolution melting method for mutation detection in familial hypercholesterolaemia patients. ANN CLIN BIOCHEM , 47 44 - 55. 10.1258/acb.2009.009076.

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Abstract

Aims: Current screening methods, such as single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) and denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC) that are used for detecting mutations in familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) subjects are time consuming, costly and only 80-90% sensitive. Here we have tested high-resolution melt (HRM) analysis for mutation detection using the Rotor-Gene(6000) realtime rotary analyser.Methods and subjects: Polymerase chain reaction and melt conditions (HRM) for 23 fragments of the LDL-receptor gene, a region of exon 26 in the APOB gene (including p.R3527Q) and exon 7 of the PCSK9 gene (including p.D374Y) were optimized. Two double stranded DNA saturating dyes, LC-Green and Syto9, were compared for sensitivity. Eighty-two samples with known mutations were used as positive controls. Twenty-eight Greek FH heterozygous patients and two homozygous patients from the UK and Croatia were screened.Results: HRM was able to identify all the positive control mutations tested, with similar results with either dye. Eight different variations were found in 17 of the 28 Greek FH patients for an overall detection rate of 61%: c.41delT (1), p.W165X (1), p.C173R (3), p.S286R (2), p.V429M (4), p.G549D (4), p.V6131 (1), and a previously unreported mutation p.F694V (1) which is predicted to be FH-causing by functional algorithms. Mutations were found in both the homozygous patients; p.Q92X (Croatia) and p.Y489C (UK); both patients were homozygous for their respective mutations.Conclusions: HRM is a sensitive, robust technique that could significantly reduce the time and cost of screening for mutations in a clinical setting.

Type:Article
Title:Development of a high-resolution melting method for mutation detection in familial hypercholesterolaemia patients
DOI:10.1258/acb.2009.009076
Keywords:LDL-RECEPTOR GENE, AUTOSOMAL-DOMINANT HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA, DEPENDENT PROBE AMPLIFICATION, SEQUENCE VARIATIONS, UNITED-KINGDOM, DIAGNOSIS, DELETIONS, DUPLICATIONS, POPULATION, DEFECTS
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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