Electrophoresis for genotyping: temporal thermal gradient gel electrophoresis for profiling of oligonucleotide dissociation.
Nucleic Acids Res
Traditional use of an oligonucleotide probe to determine genotype depends on perfect base pairing to a single-stranded target which is stable to a higher temperature than when imperfect binding occurs due to a mismatch in the target sequence. Bound oligonucleotide is detected at a predetermined single temperature 'snapshot' of the melting profile, allowing the distinction of perfect from imperfect base pairing. In heterozygotes, the presence of the alternative sequence must be verified with a second oligonucleotide complementary to the variant. Here we describe a system of real-time variable temperature electrophoresis during which the oligonucleotide dissociates from its target. In 20% polyacrylamide the target strand has minimal mobility and released oligonucleotide migrates extremely quickly so that the 'freed' rather than the 'bound' is displayed. The full profile of oligonucleotide dissociation during gel electrophoresis is represented along the gel track, and a single oligonucleotide is sufficient to confirm heterozygosity, since the profile displays two separate peaks. Resolution is great, with use of short track lengths enabling analysis of dense arrays of samples. Each gel track can contain a different target or oligonucleotide and the temperature gradient can accommodate oligonucleotides of different melting temperatures. This provides a convenient system to examine the interaction of many different oligonucleotides and target sequences simultaneously and requires no prior knowledge of the mutant sequence(s) nor of oligonucleotide melting temperatures. The application of the technique is described for screening of a hotspot for mutations in the LDL receptor gene in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia.
|Title:||Electrophoresis for genotyping: temporal thermal gradient gel electrophoresis for profiling of oligonucleotide dissociation.|
|Open access status:||An open access publication|
|Keywords:||Autoradiography, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Exons, Genotype, Heterozygote, Hot Temperature, Humans, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II, Magnesium Chloride, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Oligonucleotide Probes, Oligonucleotides, Oligonucleotides, Antisense, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Receptors, LDL|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
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