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Determinants of postprandial lipemia in men with coronary artery disease and low levels of HDL cholesterol

Syvanne, M; Talmud, PJ; Humphries, SE; Fisher, RM; Rosseneu, M; Hilden, H; Taskinen, MR; (1997) Determinants of postprandial lipemia in men with coronary artery disease and low levels of HDL cholesterol. J LIPID RES , 38 (7) 1463 - 1472. Gold open access

Abstract

We studied the determinants of postprandial lipemia in 49 post-coronary-bypass men with low HDL cholesterol (less than or equal to 1.1 mmol/1 at screening). The subjects were given a mixed meal containing 63 g fat and 150,000 IU vitamin A. Serum was obtained before and 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 h after the meal. S-f > 400 and S-f 12-400 lipoproteins, LDL, and HDL were separated by ultracentrifugation; and triglyceride (TG), retinyl ester (RE), and apolipoprotein (apo)E concentrations were measured. The associations of 15 potential predictor variables with measures of postprandial lipemia were evaluated in univariate and multivariate models. Easting TG concentration was the most important determinant of postprandial lipid and apoE concentrations. In univariate analyses, neither apoE phenotype nor common genetic polymorphisms in the apoB gene (Xba I and apoB signal peptide length polymorphisms), lipoprotein lipase gene (Hind III polymorphism), or apoC-III gene (C-1100 to T sequence change) significantly predicted the magnitude of postprandial lipemia. In multivariate linear regression analyses, fasting TG concentration (P < 0.001) and postheparin plasma hepatic lipase activity (P = 0.023) were directly, and body mass index (P < 0.001) and the presence of apoE2 (P = 0.029) allele inversely related to the TG increment in S-f >400 lipoproteins. Easting TG was associated with a high (P < 0.001) and presence of the SP24 allele of the apoB signal peptide gene with a low (P = 0.014) S-f 12-400 TG response. Easting TG concentrations alone predicted 35%, 10%, and 34% of the variability in postprandial S-f >400 responses of TG, RE, and apoE; multivariate models improved this predictive power to 40-50%. Even multivariate models were poor predictors of postprandial responses in S-f 12-400 lipoproteins (0-26%). Much of the interindividual variation in the magnitude of postprandial lipemia remained unexplained in the present study.

Type:Article
Title:Determinants of postprandial lipemia in men with coronary artery disease and low levels of HDL cholesterol
Open access status:An open access publication
Publisher version:http://www.jlr.org/papbyrecent.shtml
Keywords:coronary artery disease, postprandial lipemia, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, genetic polymorphisms, INSERTION-DELETION POLYMORPHISM, TRIGLYCERIDE-RICH LIPOPROTEINS, HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN, APOLIPOPROTEIN-E POLYMORPHISM, DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS, HEPATIC LIPASE ACTIVITY, ESTER TRANSFER PROTEIN, AI-CIII-AIV, CHYLOMICRON REMNANTS, RETINYL PALMITATE
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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