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Candidate-gene studies of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype: A sib-pair linkage analysis of DZ women twins

Austin, MA; Talmud, PJ; Luong, LA; Haddad, L; Day, INM; Newman, B; ... Humphries, SE; + view all (1998) Candidate-gene studies of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype: A sib-pair linkage analysis of DZ women twins. AM J HUM GENET , 62 (2) 406 - 419.

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Abstract

There is a growing body of evidence supporting the roles of small, dense LDL and plasma triglyceride (TG), both features of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype, as risk factors for coronary heart disease. Although family studies and twin studies have demonstrated genetic influences on these risk factors, the specific genes involved remain to be determined definitively. The purpose of this study was to investigate genetic linkage between LDL size, TG, and related atherogenic lipoproteins and candidate genes known to be involved in lipid metabolism. The linkage analysis was based on a sample of 126 DZ women twin pairs, which avoids the potentially confounding effects of both age and gender, by use of a quantitative sib-pair linkage-analysis approach. Eight candidate genes were examined, including those for microsomal TG-transfer protein (MTP), hepatic lipase, hormone-sensitive lipase, apolipoprotein (apo) B, apo CIII, apo E, insulin receptor, and LDL receptor: The analysis suggested genetic linkage between markers for the apo B gene and LDL size, plasma levels of TG, of HDL cholesterol, and of apo B, all features of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype. Furthermore, evidence for linkage was maintained when the analysis was limited to women with a major LDL-subclass diameter >255 Angstrom, indicating that the apo B gene may influence LDL heterogeneity in the intermediate-to-large size range. In addition, linkage was found between the MTP gene and TG, among all the women. These findings add to the growing evidence for genetic influences on the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype and its role in genetic susceptibility to atherosclerosis.

Type:Article
Title:Candidate-gene studies of the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype: A sib-pair linkage analysis of DZ women twins
Keywords:CORONARY HEART-DISEASE, FAMILIAL COMBINED HYPERLIPIDEMIA, COMPLEX SEGREGATION ANALYSIS, APOLIPOPROTEIN-A-I, HORMONE-SENSITIVE LIPASE, LDL SUBCLASS PHENOTYPES, PLASMA TRIGLYCERIDE, INHERITED SUSCEPTIBILITY, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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