Dekou, V and Whincup, P and Papacosta, O and Ebrahim, S and Lennon, L and Ueland, PM and Refsum, H and Humphries, SE and Gudnason, V (2001) The effect of the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene on homocysteine levels in elderly men and women from the British regional heart study. Atherosclerosis , 154 (3) 659 - 666.
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Total blood levels of homocysteine (tHcy) have been shown to depend on both environmental and genetic factors, and to be associated with the risk of developing atherosclerosis with its complications of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. In this study. 408 men and 346 women from two towns, Dewsbury and Maidstone were examined for tHcy levels and genotyped for the C677T and the A1298C polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. Blood tHcy was significantly higher in men from the CHD high risk town of Dewsbury (12.7 mu mol/l) than in the low CHD risk town of Maidstone (11.5 mu mol/l) P < 0.001. but not in women (10.7 vs. 10.5 <mu>mol/l), with women in both towns. thus, showing significantly lower tHcy than men. There was no difference between towns in folate or vitamin B-12 levels but the conventional inverse relationship with tHcy was seen. Smoking men and women from both towns had significantly higher tHcy and lower folate levels than non-smoking individuals (P < 0.001). The frequency of the 677T allele in Dewsbury was 0.35 (95% CI; 0.32-0.39) compared with 0.29 (95% CI; 0.26-0.32) in Maidstone (P < 0.01). Similar frequency difference of borderline statistical significance was seen both for men (P = 0.054) and women (P = 0.048) in both the towns, suggesting a true regional frequency difference. The effect of the 677T on tHcy was highly significant in the group as a whole with the most profound effect seen in men (12.0 mu mol/l for CC vs. 14.1 mu mol/l for TT, P < 0.001). By contrast, there was no significant effect of the A1298C polymorphism on tHcy, folate: or vitamin B-12 levels, with no evidence for an interaction with the C677T genotype. The regional differences in tHcy levels were still present after the adjustment for folate and vitamin B-12 levels, smoking and the effect of the C677T polymorphism. This suggests that there may be other unidentified factors, either environmental or genetic, affecting tHcy levels, and thus potentially having an impact on the risk of developing hyperhomocysteinaemia and CHD. These observations may have a bearing on regional differences in tHcy levels and the variation in CHD risk between regions in the UK. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved
|Title:||The effect of the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene on homocysteine levels in elderly men and women from the British regional heart study|
|Additional information:||Journal English Article ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD FEB 15 411CR CLARE ATHEROSCLEROSIS CUSTOMER RELATIONS MANAGER, BAY 15, SHANNON INDUSTRIAL ESTATE CO, CLARE, IRELAND|
|Keywords:||adjustment, Allele, As, atherosclerosis, Blood, borderline, British, British regional heart society, British Regional Heart Study, Care, CC, CHD, CO, COMMON MUTATION, COMPLICATION, complications, CORONARY, CORONARY HEART DISEASE, coronary heart diseases, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, developing, difference, disease, elderly, English, environmental, factors, Folate, FREQUENCIES, FREQUENCY, GENE, genetic, genetic factors, Genotype, heart, HEART DISEASE, HEART-DISEASE, HIGH-RISK, HOMOCYST(E)INE, Homocysteine, Hormone Replacement Therapy, hyperhomocysteinaemia, impact, individuals, industrial, interaction, Ireland, LEVEL, Low, Manager, May, MEN, methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms, METHYLENETETRAHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE, METHYLENETETRAHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE GENE, MIDDLE- AGED MEN, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, NO EVIDENCE, Observation, Other, PLASMA TOTAL HOMOCYSTEINE, Polymorphism, polymorphisms, POPULATIONS, POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN, PRIMARY CARE, PRIMARY-CARE, REDUCTASE, REGION, regional, regions, relationship, rights, Risk, RISK FACTOR, Science, Smoking, statistical significance, stroke, towns, UK, variation, VASCULAR-DISEASE, vitamin, Vitamin B 12, vitamin B12, VS, WOMEN, BRHS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science|
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Primary Care and Population Health
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