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Variants in the APOC3 promoter insulin responsive element modulate insulin secretion and lipids in middle-aged men

Waterworth, DM; Talmud, PJ; Luan, J; Flavell, DM; Byrne, CD; Humphries, SE; Wareham, NJ; (2003) Variants in the APOC3 promoter insulin responsive element modulate insulin secretion and lipids in middle-aged men. BBA-MOL BASIS DIS , 1637 (3) 200 - 206. 10.1016/S0925-4439(03)00021-8.

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Abstract

Variation in the insulin responsive element (IRE) of the APOC3 promoter has been shown to be associated with insulin and glucose concentrations after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in young healthy men. We evaluated two variants in the IRE (-455T>C and -482C>T) in the Ely study, a prospective cohort study of middle-aged men (n = 223) and women (n = 279), to determine if the effect of these variants on glucose homeostasis could be explained by altered nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels and if these effects are modulated by age and gender. Both variants had significant effects on the 30-min insulin incremental response in men alone (-482C>T, P = 0.007; -455T>C, P = 0.0155), with rare allele homozygotes having a 33.3% and 23.3% lower insulin increment as compared to common allele homozygotes, respectively. Thirty-minute NEFA concentrations were also significantly associated with genotype in men and levels were approximately 10% higher in carriers homozygous for the rare alleles as compared to subjects homozygous for the common alleles (-482C>T, P = 0.04; -455T>C, P = 0.006). In addition, there was a strong interaction between both variants and cigarette smoking affecting fasting triglyceride levels in both men (interaction: -455T>C, P = 0.02; -482C>T, P = 0.008) and women (interaction: -455T>C, P = 0.007; -482C>T, P = 0.013). Taken together, the data shows that men who carry the rare alleles of the IRE variants have disturbed glucose homeostasis and an unfavourable lipid phenotype. The finding of an elevated 30-min NEFA may be an important mechanistic link between triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) metabolism and glucose homeostasis. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Variants in the APOC3 promoter insulin responsive element modulate insulin secretion and lipids in middle-aged men
DOI:10.1016/S0925-4439(03)00021-8
Keywords:glucose homeostasis, nonesterified fatty acid, triglyceride metabolism, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, C-III GENE, FREE FATTY-ACIDS, HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA, GLUCOSE, MICE, PROINSULIN, RISK, CIII, TRIGLYCERIDES
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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