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Dietary oleic and palmitic acids and postprandial factor VII in middle-aged men heterozygous and homozygous for factor VII R353Q polymorphism

Sanders, TAB; de Grassi, T; Miller, GJ; Humphries, SE; (1999) Dietary oleic and palmitic acids and postprandial factor VII in middle-aged men heterozygous and homozygous for factor VII R353Q polymorphism. AM J CLIN NUTR , 69 (2) 220 - 225.

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Abstract

Background: The R353Q genotype is a major determinant of factor VII coagulant (FVIIc) activity, which is associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and elevated plasma triacylglycerol concentrations.Objective: The objectives were to 1) compare the effects of meals rich in palmitate or oleate with those of a meal low in fat on FVIIc in subjects with moderately elevated plasma nonfasting triacylglycerol concentrations and 2) determine whether the postprandial increase in FVIIc induced by dietary oleate differs in carriers of the Q allele.Design: Fifty-two men aged >52 y with nonfasting plasma triacylglycerol concentrations between 2 and 5.5 mmol/L were randomly assigned to receive isoenergetic (5.1 MJ) meals providing 50 g high-oleate or high-palmitate oils or a low-fat meal providing 15 g high-oleate oil. In a second study, 17 men aged >52 y who were heterozygous for factor VII R353Q polymorphism were age-matched with subjects homozygous for the R allele and their responses to a 50-g, high-oleate meal were measured.Results: FVIIc decreased by 11% after the low-fat meal. FVIIc increased by 9% and FVIIa (the activated form of FVII) increased by 55% after the high-oleate meal, whereas FVIIc did not change but FVIIa increased by 25% after the high-palmitate meal. Fasting FVIIc and FVIIa concentrations were 24% and 48% lower, respectively, in men with the RQ genotype than in men with the RR genotype but increased postprandially in both groups with no evidence of a genotype interaction.Conclusions: A high-fat meal rich in oleate increases FVIIa, whereas a low-fat meal does not, in men at high risk of IHD, independent of R353Q genotype.

Type:Article
Title:Dietary oleic and palmitic acids and postprandial factor VII in middle-aged men heterozygous and homozygous for factor VII R353Q polymorphism
Keywords:Factor VII, palmitic acid, postprandial lipemia, R353Q, oleic acid, men, Northwick Park Heart Study, ischemic heart disease, coagulation, COAGULATION-FACTOR-VII, ACTIVATED FACTOR-VII, HEART-DISEASE, FATTY-ACIDS, RISK, ASSOCIATION, DEFICIENT, LIPEMIA
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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