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Unsupervised analysis of fMRI data using kernel canonical correlation

Hardoon, DR; Mourao-Miranda, J; Brammer, M; Shawe-Taylor, J; (2007) Unsupervised analysis of fMRI data using kernel canonical correlation. NEUROIMAGE , 37 (4) 1250 - 1259. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.06.017.

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Abstract

We introduce a new unsupervised fMRI analysis method based on kernel canonical correlation analysis which differs from the class of supervised learning methods (e.g., the support vector machine) that are increasingly being employed in fMRI data analysis. Whereas SVM associates properties of the imaging data with simple specific categorical labels (e.g., -1, 1 indicating experimental conditions I and 2), KCCA replaces these simple labels with a label vector for each stimulus containing details of the features of that stimulus. We have compared KCCA and SVM analyses of an fMRI data set involving responses to emotionally salient stimuli. This involved first training the algorithm (SVM, KCCA) on a subset of fMRI data and the corresponding labels/label vectors (of pleasant and unpleasant), then testing the algorithms on data withheld from the original training phase. The classification accuracies of SVM and KCCA proved to be very similar. However, the most important result arising form this study is the KCCA is able to extract some regions that SVM also identifies as the most important in task discrimination and these are located manly in the visual cortex. The results of the KCCA were achieved blind to the categorical task labels. Instead, the stimulus category is effectively derived from the vector of image features. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Unsupervised analysis of fMRI data using kernel canonical correlation
DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.06.017
Keywords:machine learning methods, kernel canonical correlation analysis, support vector machines, classifiers, functional magnetic resonance imaging data analysis, LEARNING-METHODS, NEURAL SYSTEMS, VISUAL-CORTEX, PATTERNS, REPRESENTATIONS, OBJECTS, MACHINE, FACES
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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