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Depressive symptoms in urban population samples in Russia, Poland and the Czech Republic

Bobak, M; Pikhart, H; Pajak, A; Kubinova, R; Malyutina, S; Sebakova, H; Topor-Madry, R; ... Marmot, M; + view all (2006) Depressive symptoms in urban population samples in Russia, Poland and the Czech Republic. BRIT J PSYCHIAT , 188 359 - 365.

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Abstract

Background Relatively little is known about depression in countries that were formerly part of the Soviet Union, especially Russia.Aims To investigate the rates and distribution of depressive symptoms in urban population samples in Russia, Poland and the Czech Republic.Method A cross-sectional study was conducted in randomly selected men and women aged 45-64 years (n=2151 in total, response rate 69%) in Novosibirsk (Russia), Krakow (Poland) and Karvina (Czech Republic). The point prevalence of depressive symptoms in the past week was defined as a score of at least 16 on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale.Results In men the prevalence of depressive symptoms was 23% in Russia, 21% in Poland and 19% in the Czech Republic; in women the rates were 44%, 40% and 34% respectively Depressive symptoms were positively associated with material deprivation, being unmarried and binge drinking. The association between education and depression was inverse in Poland and the Czech Republic but positive in Russia.Conclusions The prevalence of depressive symptoms in these eastern European urban populations was relatively high; as in other countries, it was associated with alcohol and several socio-demographic factors.Declaration of interest None. Funding detailed in Acknowledgements.

Type: Article
Title: Depressive symptoms in urban population samples in Russia, Poland and the Czech Republic
Keywords: SELF-RATED HEALTH, RURAL-POPULATION, PRIMARY-CARE, RISK-FACTORS, PREVALENCE, ALCOHOL, INEQUALITIES, MORTALITY, UDMURTIA, DISEASE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/93723
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