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Post-Medieval Crucible Production And Distribution: A Study Of Materials And Materialities

Martinon-Torres, M; Rehren, T; (2009) Post-Medieval Crucible Production And Distribution: A Study Of Materials And Materialities. Archaeometry , 51 pp. 49-74. 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2007.00380.x.

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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the manufacture and trade of post-medieval crucibles (14th-19th centuries). The analytical study of crucibles from different contexts in Europe and America employed optical microscopy and SEM-EDS, coupled with archaeological and historical data. We identified two major producers of crucibles, both of them in Central Europe, whose products appear widely distributed internationally. The analytical data allow an explanation of the technical reasons behind their superior reputation, as both crucible types shared comparable material properties, such as thermal, chemical and mechanical stability. Conversely, the two crucible types were radically different in their manufacture and appearance. We argue that, besides technical considerations, sensorial aspects such as texture and colour may have played an important role in the perception and choice of materials.

Type: Article
Title: Post-Medieval Crucible Production And Distribution: A Study Of Materials And Materialities
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2007.00380.x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2007.00380.x
Language: English
Keywords: Crucibles, Graphite, Mullite, Hesse, Obernzell, Post-Medieval, Sem-Eds, Materiality, Technological Choice, Performance Characteristics, Colour, Technological Choices, Mullite, Archaeology, Porcelain, Anthropology, Performance, Toughness, Evolution, Ceramics, Strength
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/93649
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