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Ores, furnaces, slags, and prehistoric societies: Aspects of iron working in the Nyanga agricultural complex, AD 1300-1900

Chirikure, S; Rehren, T; (2004) Ores, furnaces, slags, and prehistoric societies: Aspects of iron working in the Nyanga agricultural complex, AD 1300-1900. African Archaeological Review , 21 (3) pp. 135-152. 10.1023/B:AARR.0000045827.70774.56.

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Abstract

The Nyanga agricultural complex through its cultivation terraces and ridges represents one of the most intensified agricultural systems in southern African prehistory. In such a well developed system of land management and use, iron tools played a crucial role in clearing the land for cultivation as well as for domestic building purposes. Important to this dimension is the need to understand iron production and use in prehistoric societies. This paper aims for the first time to look at iron technology in the Nyanga agricultural complex through an initial analysis of iron extraction remains such as ore, slag, and furnace fragments. As a result, the technical data obtained will be used to develop hypotheses which future research can engage. This paper is a preliminary statement toward developing an understanding of iron production to meet various purposes from the deeper past to the historical period. © 2004 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Type: Article
Title: Ores, furnaces, slags, and prehistoric societies: Aspects of iron working in the Nyanga agricultural complex, AD 1300-1900
DOI: 10.1023/B:AARR.0000045827.70774.56
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/93614
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