Townend, E; Thompson, BD; Benson, PM; Meredith, PG; Baud, P; Young, RP; (2008) Imaging compaction band propagation in Diemelstadt sandstone using acoustic emission locations. Geophysical Research Letters , 35 (15) , Article L15301. 10.1029/2008GL034723.
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We report results from a conventional triaxial test performed on a specimen of Diemelstadt sandstone under an effective confining pressure of 110 MPa; a value sufficient to induce compaction bands. The maximum principal stress was applied normal to the visible bedding so that compaction bands propagated parallel to bedding. The spatio-temporal distribution of acoustic emission events greater than 40 dB in amplitude, and associated with the propagation of the first compaction band, were located in 3D, to within +/- 2 mm, using a Hyperion Giga-RAM recorder. Event magnitudes were used to calculate the seismic b- value at intervals during band growth. Results show that compaction bands nucleate at the specimen edge and propagate across the sample at approximately 0.08 mm s(-1). The seismic b-value does not vary significantly during deformation, suggesting that compaction band growth is characterized by small scale cracking that does not change significantly in scale.
|Title:||Imaging compaction band propagation in Diemelstadt sandstone using acoustic emission locations|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Additional information:||Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union|
|Keywords:||Porous rock, Shear fracture, Localization, Deformation, Transition, Evolution, Granite, Failure, Cracks, Damage|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Earth Sciences|
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