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Phosphoinositide 3-kinase induces scattering and tubulogenesis in epithelial cells through a novel pathway

Khwaja, A; Lehmann, K; Marte, BM; Downward, J; (1998) Phosphoinositide 3-kinase induces scattering and tubulogenesis in epithelial cells through a novel pathway. J BIOL CHEM , 273 (30) 18793 - 18801. Gold open access

Abstract

Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) treatment of the Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cell line causes scattering of cells grown in monolayer culture and the formation of branching tubules by cells grown in collagen gels.HGF/SF causes prolonged activation of both the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) and the phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI 3-kinase) target protein kinase B (PKB)/ Akt; inhibition of either the MAP kinase pathway by the MAP kinase/ERK kinase inhibitor PD98059 or the PI 3-kinase pathway by LY294002 blocks HGF/SF induction of scattering, although in morphologically distinct ways. Expression of constitutively activated PI 3-kinase, Pas, or R-Ras will cause scattering, but activated Raf will not, indicating that activation of the MAP kinase pathway is not sufficient for this response. Downstream of PI 3-kinase, activated PKB/Akt and Pac are both unable to induce scattering, implicating a novel pathway. Scattering induced by Pas or PI 3-kinase is sensitive to PD98059, as well as to LY294002, suggesting that basal MAP kinase activity is required, but not sufficient, for the scattering response. Induction of MDCk cell tubulogenesis in collagen gels by HGF/SF is inhibited by PD98059; expression of activated Pas and Raf causes disorganized growth in this system, but activated PI 3-kinase or R-Ras causes branching tubule formation similar to that seen with HGF/SF treatment. These data indicate that multiple signaling pathways acting downstream of Met and Pas are needed for these morphological effects; scattering is induced primarily by the PI 3-kinase pathway, which acts through effecters, other than PKB/Akt or Pac and requires at least basal MAP kinase function. Elevated PI 3-kinase activity induces tubulogenesis, but total inhibition and excess activation of the MAP kinase pathway both oppose this effect.

Type: Article
Title: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase induces scattering and tubulogenesis in epithelial cells through a novel pathway
Open access status: An open access publication
Publisher version: http://www.jbc.org/content/early/recent/0
Keywords: HEPATOCYTE GROWTH-FACTOR, RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASE, PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE, MET RECEPTOR, C-MET, R-RAS, PROTEIN CAUSES, MDCK CELLS, TRANSFORMATION, MORPHOGENESIS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/93269
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