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Solidification/stabilisation of air pollution control residues using Portland cement: Physical properties and chloride leaching

Lampris, C; Stegemann, JA; Cheeseman, CR; (2009) Solidification/stabilisation of air pollution control residues using Portland cement: Physical properties and chloride leaching. WASTE MANAGE , 29 (3) 1067 - 1075. 10.1016/j.wasman.2008.08.006.

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Abstract

Portland cement (CEMI) was used to solidify air pollution control (APC) residues from an energy-from-waste plant burning municipal solid waste. APC residue/CEMI mixes were prepared with CEMI additions ranging from 0 to 50 weight% (wt%) of total dry mass and water/solids ratios between 0.40 and 0.80. Isothermal conduction calorimetry was used to assess the effect of APC residues on the hydration of CEMI. Although up to 30 wt% additions of APC residues accelerated CEMI hydration, the total heat of hydration during the initial 98 h was significantly reduced. Higher levels of APC residues severely inhibited CEMI hydration. The consistence, setting time, compressive strength, porosity and chloride leaching characteristics of the solidified products were determined. As might be expected, increasing the CEMI addition and reducing the water content resulted in increased compressive strengths. All mixes achieved compressive strengths greater than 1 MPa at 7 and 28 days but only 50 wt% samples did not show significant strength reduction when tested after immersion in water. Monolithic leaching tests indicated low physical immobilisation of chloride in the CEMI solidified APC residues, with chloride leaching in excess of relevant UK landfill waste acceptance criteria (WAC). The results of this study show that greater than 50% CEMI additions would be required to effectively treat APC residues to meet current WAC limits. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Solidification/stabilisation of air pollution control residues using Portland cement: Physical properties and chloride leaching
DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2008.08.006
Keywords:INCINERATION
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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