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Requirement of Transforming Growth Factor beta-Activated Kinase 1 for Transforming Growth Factor beta-Induced alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin Expression and Extracellular Matrix Contraction in Fibroblasts

Shi-wen, X; Parapuram, SK; Pala, D; Chen, YL; Carter, DE; Eastwood, M; Denton, CP; ... Leask, A; + view all (2009) Requirement of Transforming Growth Factor beta-Activated Kinase 1 for Transforming Growth Factor beta-Induced alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin Expression and Extracellular Matrix Contraction in Fibroblasts. ARTHRITIS RHEUM , 60 (1) 234 - 241. 10.1002/art.24223.

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Abstract

Objective. Fibrosis is believed to occur through normal tissue remodeling failing to terminate. Tissue repair intimately involves the ability of fibroblasts to contract extracellular matrix (ECM), and enhanced ECM contraction is a hallmark of fibrotic cells in various conditions, including scleroderma. Some fibrogenic transcriptional responses to transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta), including alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) expression and ECM contraction, require focal adhesion kinase/Src (FAK/Src). The present study was undertaken to assess whether TGF beta-activated kinase I (TAK1) acts downstream of FAK/Src to mediate fibrogenic responses in fibroblasts.Methods. We used microarray, real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and collagen gel contraction assays to assess the ability of wild-type and TAK1-knockout fibroblasts to respond to TGF beta 1.Results. The ability of TGF to induce TAK1 was blocked by the FAK/Src inhibitor PP2. JNK phosphorylation in response to TGF beta 1 was impaired in the absence of TAK1. TGF beta could not induce matrix contraction or expression of a group of fibrotic genes, including alpha-SMA, in the absence of TAK1.Conclusion. These results suggest that TAK1 operates downstream of FAK/Src in mediating fibrogenic responses and that targeting of TAK1 may be a viable antifibrotic strategy in the treatment of certain disorders, including scleroderma.

Type: Article
Title: Requirement of Transforming Growth Factor beta-Activated Kinase 1 for Transforming Growth Factor beta-Induced alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin Expression and Extracellular Matrix Contraction in Fibroblasts
DOI: 10.1002/art.24223
Keywords: FOCAL ADHESION KINASE, TGF-BETA, FIBROTIC RESPONSE, PHOSPHORYLATION, MYOFIBROBLAST, SCLERODERMA, CCN2
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/91565
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