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Enamel thickness and development in a third permanent molar of Gigantopithecus blacki

Dean, MC; Schrenk, F; (2003) Enamel thickness and development in a third permanent molar of Gigantopithecus blacki. J HUM EVOL , 45 (5) 381 - 387. 10.1016/j.jhevol.2003.08.009.

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Abstract

A ground section was prepared from a lower right M3 attributed to Gigantopithecus blacki as close as possible to axial plane of the mesial cusps. Daily cross striations were imaged, measured and counted in each cusp using polarised light microscopy. Long-period striae of Retzius were counted in the lateral enamel and their periodicity determined from counts and measurements of daily cross striations between adjacent striae. Cross striation spacings in the cusps were between 3.8 mum at the enamel dentine junction and 6 mum close to the enamel surface. Cuspal enamel formation times were long (800 days in the protoconid and 620 days in the metaconid). Linear enamel thickness was as much as 3.75 mm in the protoconid. There were 63 and 61 long-period striae of Retzius in the mesial aspects of the lateral enamel and the periodicity was I I days. Lateral enamel formation took 1493 and 1291 days and when summed with cuspal enamel formation times totalled 4 years in the protoconid and 3.5 in the metaconid. Relative enamel thickness was 23, calculated through the mesial cusps. This falls short of that in the so-called 'thick hyper-thick' enamel described in 'robust' australopithecines to which Gigantopithecus blacki has previously been compared in both its dental and mandibular morphology. With respect to enamel thickness, therefore, Gigantopithecus blacki falls squarely among an increasingly large number of Miocene hominoids that can all be described as having 'thick enamel'. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Enamel thickness and development in a third permanent molar of Gigantopithecus blacki
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2003.08.009
Keywords: Gigantopithecus, enamel thickness, teeth, enamel microstructure, cross striations, DENTAL DEVELOPMENT, HISTOLOGICAL RECONSTRUCTION, BODY-WEIGHT, MICROSTRUCTURE, PRIMATES, TEETH
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/91460
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