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Increased availability of central benzodiazepine receptors in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and alcohol related cirrhosis

Jalan, R; Turjanski, N; Taylor-Robinson, SD; Koepp, MJ; Richardson, MP; Wilson, JA; ... Brooks, DJ; + view all (2000) Increased availability of central benzodiazepine receptors in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and alcohol related cirrhosis. GUT , 46 (4) 546 - 552.

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Abstract

Background/aims-To measure cerebral benzodiazepine receptor binding using C-11-flumazenil positron emission tomography in patients with stable chronic hepatic encephalopathy, who were also characterised by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.Methods-Six abstinent patients of mean age 61 years with alcohol related cirrhosis and grade I-Ii hepatic encephalopathy and 11 matched healthy volunteers were studied. Each patient's encephalopathy was defined according to clinical, psychometric, electroencephalographic, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy criteria. Using positron emission tomography, the brain volume of distribution of C-11-flumazenil was obtained; this reflects benzodiazepine receptor availability. Proton magnetic resonance spectra were acquired at 1.5 T using a multivoxel technique; peak area ratios were calculated for choline, glutamine/glutamate, N-acetyl-aspartate, and creatine resonances.Results-The mean volume of distribution of C-11-flumazenil was significantly higher in the cortex, cerebellum, and the basal ganglia in the patients compared with controls (p<0.001). In the patient group, the mean glutamine/glutamate to creatine ratio was significantly increased and the mean choline to creatine ratio was significantly decreased in all brain areas, compared with healthy volunteers. However, the N-acetylaspartate to creatine ratio was unchanged compared with controls.Conclusions-The spectroscopy results reflect the cerebral metabolic derangement associated with hepatic encephalopathy. Stable grade I-II chronic hepatic encephalopathy in alcohol related cirrhosis may be associated with increased cerebral benzodiazepine receptor availability. However, a direct effect of previous chronic exposure to alcohol cannot be excluded.

Type:Article
Title:Increased availability of central benzodiazepine receptors in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and alcohol related cirrhosis
Keywords:benzodiazepine receptors, chronic hepatic encephalopathy, C-11-flumazenil, in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, positron emission tomography, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY, POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY, BRAIN CONCENTRATIONS, RAT-BRAIN, PROTON, PET, BINDING, ETHANOL, ABNORMALITIES, PATHOGENESIS
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy

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