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The role of antibodies in dysfunction of pig-to-baboon pulmonary transplants

Lau, CL; Daggett, WC; Yeatman, MF; Chai, P; Lin, SS; Lodge, AJ; ... Davis, RD; + view all (2000) The role of antibodies in dysfunction of pig-to-baboon pulmonary transplants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg , 120 (1) 29 - 38.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary transplantation has become the preferred treatment for end-stage lung disease, but application of the procedure is limited because of a paucity of donors. One way to solve donor limitations is to use animal organs as a donor source or xenotransplantation. The current barrier to pulmonary xenotransplantation is the rapid failure of the pulmonary xenograft. Although antibodies are known to play a role in heart and kidney xenograft rejection, their involvement in lung dysfunction is less defined. This project was designed to define the role of antibodies in pulmonary graft rejection in a pig-to-baboon model. METHODS: Orthotopic transgenic swine left lung transplants were performed in baboons depleted of antibodies by one of three techniques before transplantation: (1) ex vivo swine kidney perfusion, (2) total immunoglobulin-depleting column perfusion, and (3) ex vivo swine lung perfusion. Results were compared with those of transgenic swine lung transplants in unmodified baboons. RESULTS: All three techniques of antibody removal resulted in depletion of xenoreactive antibodies. Only pretransplantation lung perfusion improved pulmonary xenograft function compared with lung transplantation in unmodified baboons. CONCLUSIONS: The pathogenesis of pulmonary injury in a swine-to-primate transplant model is different from that in renal and cardiac xenografts. Depletion of antibodies alone does not have a beneficial effect and may actually be detrimental.

Type:Article
Title:The role of antibodies in dysfunction of pig-to-baboon pulmonary transplants
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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