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Schizotypy and mental time travel

Winfield, H; Kamboj, SK; (2010) Schizotypy and mental time travel. Consciousness and Cognition , 19 (1) pp. 321-327. 10.1016/j.concog.2009.11.011.

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Abstract

Mental time travel is the capacity to imagine the autobiographical past and future. Schizotypy is a dimensional measure of psychosis-like traits found to be associated with creativity and imagination. Here, we examine the phenomenological qualities of mental time travel in highly schizotypal individuals. After recollecting past episodes (autobiographical memory) and imagining future events (episodic future thinking), those scoring highly on positive schizotypy reported a greater sense of 'autonoetic awareness,' defined as a greater feeling of mental time travel and re-living/'pre-living' imagined events. Furthermore, in contrast to other sensory domains, imagery of the past and future episodes contained more olfactory detail in these high scorers. The results are discussed in relation to previous reports of anomalous olfactory experiences in schizotypy and heightened vividness of olfactory imagery in post-traumatic stress disorder, for which schizotypy is a risk factor.

Type: Article
Title: Schizotypy and mental time travel
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2009.11.011
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2009.11.011
Language: English
Keywords: Adult, Chronology as Topic, Cognition, Dissociative Disorders, Fantasy, Female, Forecasting, Humans, Imagination, Life Change Events, Male, Mental Recall, Middle Aged, Personality Inventory, Risk Factors, Schizotypal Personality Disorder, Smell, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Surveys and Questionnaires, Thinking, Time
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/90751
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