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An approximation error approach for compensating for modelling errors between the radiative transfer equation and the diffusion approximation in diffuse optical tomography

Tarvainen, T; Kolehmainen, V; Pulkkinen, A; Vauhkonen, M; Schweiger, M; Arridge, SR; Kaipio, JP; (2010) An approximation error approach for compensating for modelling errors between the radiative transfer equation and the diffusion approximation in diffuse optical tomography. INVERSE PROBL , 26 (1) , Article 015005. 10.1088/0266-5611/26/1/015005.

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Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the applicability of the Bayesian approximation error approach to compensate for the discrepancy of the diffusion approximation in diffuse optical tomography close to the light sources and in weakly scattering subdomains. While the approximation error approach has earlier been shown to be a feasible approach to compensating for discretization errors, uncertain boundary data and geometry, the ability of the approach to recover from using a qualitatively incorrect physical model has not been contested. In the case of weakly scattering subdomains and close to sources, the radiative transfer equation is commonly considered to be the most accurate model for light scattering in turbid media. In this paper, we construct the approximation error statistics based on predictions of the radiative transfer and diffusion models. In addition, we investigate the combined approximation errors due to using the diffusion approximation and using a very low-dimensional approximation in the forward problem. We show that recovery is feasible in the sense that with the approximation error model the reconstructions with a low-dimensional diffusion approximation are essentially as good as with using a very high-dimensional radiative transfer model.

Type:Article
Title:An approximation error approach for compensating for modelling errors between the radiative transfer equation and the diffusion approximation in diffuse optical tomography
DOI:10.1088/0266-5611/26/1/015005
Keywords:ADAPTIVE MESH GENERATION, FINITE-ELEMENT MODEL, DISCRETIZATION ERROR, INVERSE PROBLEMS, REDUCTION, RECONSTRUCTION, ABSORPTION, LIGHT, ANISOTROPIES, PROPAGATION
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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