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Urinary excretion of hydroxycinnamates and flavonoids after oral and intravenous administration

Choudhury, R; Srai, SK; Debnam, E; Rice-Evans, CA; (1999) Urinary excretion of hydroxycinnamates and flavonoids after oral and intravenous administration. FREE RADICAL BIO MED , 27 (3-4) 278 - 286.

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Abstract

The urinary recoveries of the hydroxycinnamates, ferulic acid (3-methoxy, 4-hydroxy cinnamic acid), and chlorogenic acid (the quinic acid ester of 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid), and three structurally related flavonoids were studied in the rat. For the latter, the aglycone quercetin was compared with its 3-glucoside (isoquercitrin) and 3-rhamnoglucoside (rutin). Doses of 50 mg/kg were administered via the oral and intravenous routes and urine collected over the subsequent 24-h period. Reverse phase HPLC with photo-diode array detection was used to analyze the unchanged compound and their metabolites excreted in the urine. Ferulic acid and isoquercitrin were orally absorbed (5.4 and 0.48% of administered dose,respectively)and are therefore bioavailable. In contrast, neither unchanged chlorogenic acid, rutin, quercetin, nor the conjugated metabolites in the form of glucuronide or sulphate were detected in the urine after oral dosing. All the flavonoids studied produced low total urinary recoveries after intravenous administration,9.2% for quercetin-3-rhamnoglucoside, 6.7% for the 3-glucoside, and 2.4% for the aglycone, indicating that extensive metabolism to low molecular weight compounds or excretion via other routes may be occurring. Overall it can be stated that renal excretion is not a major pathway of elimination for intact flavonoids and hydroxycinnamates in the rat. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

Type: Article
Title: Urinary excretion of hydroxycinnamates and flavonoids after oral and intravenous administration
Keywords: ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, quercetin, rutin, isoquercitrin, urinary excretion, metabolism, antioxidant, free radicals, QUERCETIN, ABSORPTION, GLYCOSIDES, PLASMA, RATS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/90322
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