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Human liver cancer cells and endothelial cells incorporate iodised oil.
BRIT J CANCER
877 - 881.
Iodised oil (lipiodol) administered via the hepatic artery localises selectively in primary liver cell cancers (hepatocellular carcinomas or HCCs) for prolonged periods and has been used as a vehicle for cytotoxic agents. Despite clinical use, the mechanism of lipiodol retention by tumours has remained unclear, embolisation of oil droplets in the tumour vasculature being the prevailing hypothesis. We have investigated the role of tumour and endothelial cells in lipiodol retention. Human liver tumour (Hep G2) cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells in culture were exposed to lipiodol. Light microscopy using selective silver impregnation stains and transmission electron microscopy revealed lipiodol incorporation by both cell types, probably by pinocytosis. This was not associated with cellular injury in terms of cell lysis, cell replication or radio-labelled leucine uptake. Histological analysis of 24 HCCs either surgically resected or discovered incidentally at liver transplantation (with prior arterial injection of lipiodol) revealed vesicles of lipiodol in the cytoplasm of tumour cells and endothelial cells lining tumour vessels. Thus, lipiodol is likely to deliver cytotoxic agents directly into tumour cells and endothelial cells, both in vitro and in vivo. This may also apply to other lipids and to other human tumours. These findings have significant therapeutic implications.
|Title:||Human liver cancer cells and endothelial cells incorporate iodised oil|
|Keywords:||iodised oil, hepatocellular carcinoma, CARCINOMA, TUMORS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)|
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