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The prevalence and severity of oral impacts on daily performances in Thai primary school children.

Gherunpong, S; Tsakos, G; Sheiham, A; (2004) The prevalence and severity of oral impacts on daily performances in Thai primary school children. Health Qual Life Outcomes , 2 57-. 10.1186/1477-7525-2-57.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Traditional methods of measuring oral health mainly use clinical dental indices and have been complemented by oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) measures. Most OHRQoL studies have been on adults and elderly populations. There are no systematic OHRQoL studies of a population-based sample of children. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, characteristics and severity of oral impacts in primary school children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of all 1126 children aged 11-12 years in a municipal area of Suphanburi province, Thailand. An OHRQoL measure, Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances index (Child-OIDP) was used to assess oral impacts. Children were also clinically examined and completed a self-administered questionnaire about demographic information and oral behaviours. RESULTS: 89.8% of children had one or more oral impacts. The median impact score was 7.6 and mean score was 8.8. Nearly half (47.0%) of the children with impacts had impacts at very little or little levels of intensity. Most (84.8%) of those with impacts had 1-4 daily performances affected (out of 8 performances). Eating was the most common performance affected (72.9%). The severity of impacts was high for eating and smiling and low for study and social contact performances. The main clinical causes of impacts were sensitive tooth (27.9%), oral ulcers (25.8%), toothache (25.1%) and an exfoliating primary tooth (23.4%). CONCLUSIONS: The study reveals that oral health impacts on quality of life in Thai primary school children. Oral impacts were prevalent, but not severe. The impacts mainly related to difficulty eating and smiling. Toothache, oral ulcers and natural processes contributed largely to the incidence of oral impacts.

Type: Article
Title: The prevalence and severity of oral impacts on daily performances in Thai primary school children.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-2-57
Keywords: Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Dental Health Surveys, Eating, Female, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Oral Hygiene, Oral Ulcer, Prevalence, Quality of Life, Schools, Self-Assessment, Sickness Impact Profile, Smiling, Thailand, Tooth Diseases, Tooth Exfoliation, Toothache
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/89891
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