Nazareth, I and Burton, A and Shulman, S and Smith, P and Haines, A and Timberall, H (2001) A pharmacy discharge plan for hospitalized elderly patients - a randomized controlled trial. AGE AGEING , 30 (1) 33 - 40.
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Objectives: to investigate the effectiveness of a pharmacy discharge plan in elderly hospitalized patients.Design: randomized controlled trial.Subjects and settings: we randomized patients aged 75 years and older on four or more medicines who had been discharged from three acute general and one long-stay hospital to a pharmacy intervention or usual care.Interventions: the hospital pharmacist developed discharge plans which gave details of medication and support required by the patient. A copy was given to the patient and to all relevant professionals and carers. This mas followed by a domiciliary assessment by a community pharmacist. In the control group, patients were discharged from hospital following standard procedures that included a discharge letter to the general practitioner listing current medications.Outcomes: the primary outcome was re-admission to hospital within 6 months. Secondary outcomes included the number of deaths, attendance at hospital outpatient clinics and general practice and proportion of days in hospital over the follow-up period, together with patients' general well-being, satisfaction with the service and knowledge of and adherence to prescribed medication.Results: we recruited 362 patients, of whom 181 were randomized to each group. We collected hospital and general practice data on at least 91 and 72% of patients respectively at each follow-up point and interviewed between 43 and 90% of the study subjects. There were no significant differences between the groups in the proportion of patients re-admitted to hospital between baseline and 3 months or 3 and 6 months. There were no significant differences in any of the secondary outcomes.Conclusions: we found no evidence to suggest that the co-ordinated hospital and community pharmacy care discharge plans in elderly patients in this study influence outcomes.
|Title:||A pharmacy discharge plan for hospitalized elderly patients - a randomized controlled trial|
|Keywords:||elderly patients, health services utilization, pharmacists, randomized trial, GERIATRIC-PATIENTS, CONSULTATIONS, IMPACT|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Primary Care and Population Health|
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