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Joint discriminative-generative modelling based on statistical tests for classification

Xue, JH; Titterington, DM; (2010) Joint discriminative-generative modelling based on statistical tests for classification. PATTERN RECOGN LETT , 31 (9) 1048 - 1055. 10.1016/j.patrec.2010.01.015.

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Abstract

In statistical pattern classification, generative approaches, such as linear discriminant analysis (LDA), assume a data-generating process (DGP), whereas discriminative approaches, such as linear logistic regression (LLR), do not model the DGP. In general, a generative classifier performs better than its discriminative counterpart if the DGP is well-specified and worse than the latter if the DGP is clearly mis-specified. In view of this, this paper presents a joint discriminative generative modelling (JoDiG) approach, by partitioning predictor variables X into two sub-vectors, namely X-G, to which a generative approach is applied, and X-D, to be treated by a discriminative approach. This partitioning of X is based on statistical tests of the assumed DGP: the variables that clearly fail the tests are grouped as X-D and the rest as X-G. Then the generative and discriminative approaches are combined in a probabilistic rather than a heuristic way. The principle of the JoDiG approach is quite generic, but for illustrative purposes numerical studies of the paper focus on a widely-used case, in which the DGP assumes a multivariate normal distribution for each class. In this case, the JoDiG approach uses LDA for X-G and LLR for X-D. Numerical experiments on real and simulated data demonstrate that the performance of this new approach to classification is similar to or better than that of its discriminative and generative counterparts, in particular when the size of the training-set is comparable to the dimension of the data. (C) 2010 Elsevier BM. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Joint discriminative-generative modelling based on statistical tests for classification
DOI:10.1016/j.patrec.2010.01.015
Keywords:Classification, Data-generating process, Joint discriminative-generative modelling, Linear discriminant analysis, Linear logistic regression, Normality tests, LOGISTIC-REGRESSION, BAYES
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Statistical Science

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