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Involvement of Heterogeneous Ribonucleoprotein F in the Regulation of Cell Proliferation via the Mammalian Target of Rapamycin/S6 Kinase 2 Pathway.
J BIOL CHEM
17065 - 17076.
The S6 kinases (S6Ks) have been linked to a number of cellular processes, including translation, insulin metabolism, cell survival, and RNA splicing. Signaling via the phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathways is critical in regulating the activity and subcellular localization of S6Ks. To date, nuclear functions of both S6K isoforms, S6K1 and S6K2, are not well understood. To better understand S6K nuclear roles, we employed affinity purification of S6Ks from nuclear preparations followed by mass spectrometry analysis for the identification of novel binding partners. In this study, we report that in contrast to S6K1, the S6K2 isoform specifically associates with a number of RNA-binding proteins, including heterogeneous ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs). We focused on studying the mechanism and physiological relevance of the S6K2 interaction with hnRNP F/H. Interestingly, the S6K2-hnRNP F/H interaction was not affected by mitogenic stimulation, whereas mTOR binding to hnRNP F/H was induced by serum stimulation. In addition, we define a new role of hnRNP F in driving cell proliferation, which could be partially attenuated by rapamycin treatment. S6K2-driven cell proliferation, on the other hand, could be blocked by small interfering RNA-mediated down-regulation of hnRNP F. These results demonstrate that the specific interaction between mTOR and S6K2 with hnRNPs is implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation.
|Title:||Involvement of Heterogeneous Ribonucleoprotein F in the Regulation of Cell Proliferation via the Mammalian Target of Rapamycin/S6 Kinase 2 Pathway|
|Open access status:||An open access publication|
|Keywords:||P70 S6 KINASE, PROTEIN-KINASE, HNRNP-H, SUBCELLULAR-LOCALIZATION, MESSENGER-RNA, PHOSPHORYLATION, ACTIVATION, BINDING, MTOR, IDENTIFICATION|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Structural and Molecular Biology|
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