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The cell-surface marker MTS24 identifies a novel population of follicular keratinocytes with characteristics of progenitor cells

Nijhof, JGW; Braun, KM; Giangreco, A; van Pelt, C; Kawamoto, H; Boyd, RL; Willemze, R; ... van Ewijk, W; + view all (2006) The cell-surface marker MTS24 identifies a novel population of follicular keratinocytes with characteristics of progenitor cells. DEVELOPMENT , 133 (15) 3027 - 3037. 10.1242/dev.02443.

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Abstract

We describe a novel murine progenitor cell population localised to a previously uncharacterised region between sebaceous glands and the hair follicle bulge, defined by its reactivity to the thymic epithelial progenitor cell marker MTS24. MTS24 labels a membrane-bound antigen present during the early stages of hair follicle development and in adult mice. MTS24 co-localises with expression of alpha 6-integrin and keratin 14, indicating that these cells include basal keratinocytes. This novel population does not express the bulge-specific stem cell markers CD34 or keratin 15, and is infrequently BrdU label retaining. MTS24-positive and -negative keratinocyte populations were isolated by flow cytometry and assessed for colony-forming efficiency. MTS24-positive keratinocytes exhibited a two-fold increase in colony formation and colony size compared to MTS24-negative basal keratinocytes. In addition, both the MTS24-positive and CD34-positive subpopulations were capable of producing secondary colonies after serial passage of individual cell clones. Finally, gene expression profiles of MTS24 and CD34 subpopulations were compared. These results showed that the overall gene expression pro. le of MTS24-positive cells resembles the pattern previously reported in bulge stem cells. Taken together, these data suggest that the cell-surface marker MTS24 identifies a new reservoir of hair follicle keratinocytes with a proliferative capacity and gene expression pro. le suggestive of progenitor or stem cells.

Type: Article
Title: The cell-surface marker MTS24 identifies a novel population of follicular keratinocytes with characteristics of progenitor cells
DOI: 10.1242/dev.02443
Keywords: hair follicle, progenitor cell, stem cell, epidermis, keratinocyte, mouse, LABEL-RETAINING CELLS, EPIDERMAL STEM-CELLS, HUMAN HAIR-FOLLICLES, BETA-CATENIN, HEMATOPOIETIC PROGENITOR, TRANSIENT ACTIVATION, LINEAGE COMMITMENT, MOUSE EPIDERMIS, IN-VITRO, SKIN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/86378
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