Diffraction and fringing field effects in small pixel liquid crystal devices with homeotropic alignment.
J APPL PHYS
, Article 083104. 10.1063/1.3499279.
Reducing the pixel dimensions of liquid crystal microdisplays in search of high resolution has a fundamental impact on their electro-optic behavior. The liquid crystal director orientation becomes distorted due to fringing fields and diffraction effects influence the optical characteristics of the device once the structure features approach the wavelength of the incident light. Three-dimensional finite element simulation of the liquid crystal dynamics with a variable order approach is combined with a full-vector beam propagation analysis to investigate how elasticity and diffraction limit the resolution as a function of the pixel size for transmissive and reflective architectures with vertical liquid crystal alignment. The key liquid crystal properties are considered and the importance of materials with high birefringence is confirmed for small pixel devices as these improve the contrast for a fixed pixel size. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3499279]
|Title:||Diffraction and fringing field effects in small pixel liquid crystal devices with homeotropic alignment|
|Keywords:||BEAM-PROPAGATION METHOD, LIGHT, DEFORMATION|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
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