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Change-based inference for invariant discrimination

Moazzezi, R; Dayan, P; (2008) Change-based inference for invariant discrimination. NETWORK-COMP NEURAL , 19 (3) 236 - 252. 10.1080/09548980802314917.

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Abstract

Under a conventional view of information processing in recurrently connected populations of neurons, computations consist in mapping inputs onto terminal attractor states of the dynamical interactions. However, there is evidence that substantial information representation and processing can occur over the course of the initial evolution of the dynamical states of such populations, a possibility that has attractive computational properties. Here, we suggest a model that explores one such property, namely, the invariance to an irrelevant feature dimension that arises from monitoring not the state of the population, but rather (a statistic of) the change in this state over time. We illustrate our proposal in the context of the bisection task, a paradigmatic example of perceptual learning for which an attractor-state recurrent model has previously been suggested. We show a change-based inference scheme that achieves near optimal performance in the task (with invariance to translation), is robust to high levels of dynamical noise and variations of the synaptic weight matrix, and indeed admits a computationally straightforward learning rule.

Type:Article
Title:Change-based inference for invariant discrimination
DOI:10.1080/09548980802314917
Keywords:Population coding, network models, perceptual learning, SPATIAL WORKING-MEMORY, POPULATION CODES, VISUAL-CORTEX, DYNAMICS, NEURONS, COMPUTATION, ORIENTATION, MODEL
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit

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