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Crowd turbulence: the physics of crowd disasters

Helbing, D; Johansson, A; Al-Abideen, HHZ; (2007) Crowd turbulence: the physics of crowd disasters. In: Chien, WZ, (ed.) PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NONLINEAR MECHANICS. (pp. 967 - 969). SHANGHAI UNIV PRESS

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Abstract

The panic stampede is a serious concern during mass events like soccer championship games. Despite huge numbers of security forces and crowd control measures, hundreds of lives are lost in crowd disasters each year. An analysis of video recordings of the annual pilgrimage in Makkah reveals how high-density crowds develop to turbulent dynamics and earthquake-like eruptions, which is impossible to control.

Type:Proceedings paper
Title:Crowd turbulence: the physics of crowd disasters
Event:5th International Conference on Nonlinear Mechanics (ICNM-V)
Location:Shanghai, PEOPLES R CHINA
Dates:2007-06-11 - 2007-06-14
ISBN-13:978-7-81118-164-7
Keywords:GRANULAR MEDIA, FLOW
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis

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