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Sense of coherence and work characteristics: a cross-lagged structural equation model among managers

Feldt, T.; Kivimäki, M.; Rantala, A.; Tolvanen, A.; (2004) Sense of coherence and work characteristics: a cross-lagged structural equation model among managers. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology , 77 (3) pp. 323-342. 10.1348/0963179041752655.

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Abstract

This study investigated the dominance of predictive relationships between Sense of Coherence (SOC) and work characteristics (organizational climate and job control) in cross-lagged longitudinal data with two measurement points and a time lag of 3 years. The sample consisted of 615 (587 men and 28 women) managers, aged between 27 and 64 years. The cross-lagged longitudinal analysis was done by the use of Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) within the framework by LISREL. The results of the chi-square difference tests indicated that the model where SOC at Time 1 predicted work characteristics at Time 2 better accounted for the data than the competitive models. However, the only significant path in addition to test–retest stabilities was the path from SOC at Time 1 to organizational climate at Time 2 indicating that high SOC predicts good organizational climate over a 3-year follow-up period. The path from SOC at Time 1 to job control at Time 2 was not significant. Thus, it seems that SOC, as a relatively stable disposition, influences the ability to mobilize and generate social resources in the workplace but not the ability to produce job control.

Type: Article
Title: Sense of coherence and work characteristics: a cross-lagged structural equation model among managers
DOI: 10.1348/0963179041752655
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/0963179041752655
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8390
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