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Impulsivity as a predictor of smoking and alcohol consumption

Granö, N.; Virtanen, M.; Vahtera, J.; Elovainio, M.; Kivimäki, M.; (2004) Impulsivity as a predictor of smoking and alcohol consumption. Personality and Individual Differences , 37 (8) pp. 1693-1700. 10.1016/j.paid.2004.03.004.

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Abstract

This prospective study examined the relationships between impulsivity, smoking and alcohol use in a large non-clinical sample of 601 men and 4832 women working in 12 Finnish hospitals. Data on impulsivity, smoking and alcohol consumption were collected by two questionnaires with a two-year interval. At baseline, impulsivity was associated with smoking and alcohol use. After controlling for baseline smoking, impulsivity predicted increased number of cigarettes smoked per day in women (p=0.08), but not in men. After controlling for alcohol use at baseline, impulsivity predicted increased alcohol consumption similarly in both genders (p<0.01). Higher impulsivity was also associated with increased likelihood of taking up smoking or becoming a heavy drinker (p<0.05). This evidence suggests that impulsivity contributes to increasing health risk behaviours.

Type: Article
Title: Impulsivity as a predictor of smoking and alcohol consumption
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2004.03.004
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.03.004
Language: English
Keywords: Personality, impulsivity, smoking, alcohol consumption, health risk behaviour
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8389
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