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Dihydropyridine inhibition of the glycine receptor: Subunit selectivity and a molecular determinant of inhibition.
318 - 327.
The dihydropyridines (DHPs), nifedipine and nicardipine, modulate native glycine receptors (GlyRs) at micromolar concentrations. Nicardipine has a biphasic potentiating and inhibitory effect, whereas nifedipine causes inhibition only. The present study sought to investigate (1) the molecular mechanism by which these compounds inhibit recombinant GlyRs, and (2) their potential utility as subunit-selective inhibitors of alpha 1, alpha 1 beta, alpha 3 and alpha 3 beta GlyRs. The rate of onset of inhibition in the open state was accelerated by pre-application of DHP in the closed state, with the degree of acceleration proportional to the concentration of pre-applied DHP This implies a non-inhibitory binding site close to the DHP inhibitory site. DHP inhibition was use-dependent and independent of glycine concentration, consistent with a pore-blocking mode of action. DHP sensitivity was abolished by the G2'A mutation, providing a strong case for a DHP binding site in the pore. Nifedipine exhibited an approximately 10-fold higher inhibitory potency at alpha-containing relative to alpha 3-containing receptors, whereas nicardipine was only weakly selective for alpha 1-containing GlyRs. The differential sensitivities of nifedipine and nicardipine for different GlyR isoforms suggest that DHPs may be a useful resource to screen as pharmacological tools for selectively inhibiting different synaptic GlyR isoforms. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Dihydropyridine inhibition of the glycine receptor: Subunit selectivity and a molecular determinant of inhibition|
|Keywords:||Nifedipine, Nicardipine, Cys-loop receptor, Chloride channel, Inhibitory neurotransmission, Binding site, CHLORIDE CHANNELS, MOUSE RETINA, GINKGOLIDE BINDING, LIPID BILAYER, DIVERSITY, LOCALIZATION, ANTAGONISTS, NEURONS, PORE, PICROTOXININ|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmacology
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