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Dynamic cofilin phosphorylation in the control of lamellipodial actin homeostasis

Jovceva, E; Larsen, MR; Waterfield, MD; Baum, B; Timms, JF; (2007) Dynamic cofilin phosphorylation in the control of lamellipodial actin homeostasis. J CELL SCI , 120 (11) 1888 - 1897. 10.1242/jcs.004366. Green open access

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Abstract

During animal cell chemotaxis, signalling at the plasma membrane induces actin polymerisation to drive forward cell movement. Since the cellular pool of actin is limited, efficient protrusion formation also requires the coordinated disassembly of pre-existing actin filaments. To search for proteins that can monitor filamentous and globular actin levels to maintain the balance of polymerisation and disassembly, we followed changes in the proteome induced by RNA interference (RNAi)mediated alterations in actin signalling. This unbiased approach revealed an increase in the levels of an inactive, phosphorylated form of the actin-severing protein cofilin in cells unable to generate actin-based lamellipodia. Conversely, an increase in F-actin levels induced the dephosphorylation and activation of cofilin via activation of the Ssh phosphatase. Similarly, in the context of acute phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling, dynamic changes in cofilin phosphorylation were found to depend on the Ssh phosphatase and on changes in lamellipodial Factin. These results indicate that changes in the extent of cofilin phosphorylation are regulated by Ssh in response to changes in the levels and/or organisation of F-actin. Together with the recent finding that Ssh phosphatase activity is augmented by F-actin binding, these results identify Ssh-dependent regulation of phosphorylated cofilin levels as an important feedback control mechanism that maintains actin filament homeostasis during actin signalling.

Type:Article
Title:Dynamic cofilin phosphorylation in the control of lamellipodial actin homeostasis
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI:10.1242/jcs.004366
Keywords:actin cytoskeleton, proteomics, cofilin, phosphoregulation, LIM-KINASE, PHOSPHOINOSITIDE 3-KINASE, PHOSPHATASE SLINGSHOT, DEPOLYMERIZING FACTOR, GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS, INDUCED ACTIVATION, STRESS-RESPONSE, CELL-MIGRATION, F-ACTIN, ADF/COFILIN
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Women's Health > Women's Cancer

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