Gaspar, HB and Bjorkegren, E and Parsley, K and Gilmour, KC and King, D and Sinclair, J and Zhang, F and Giannakopoulos, A and Adams, S and Fairbanks, LD and Gaspar, J and Henderson, L and Xu-Bayford, JH and Davies, EG and Veys, PA and Kinnon, C and Thrasher, AJ (2006) Successful reconstitution of immunity in ADA-SCID by stem cell gene therapy following cessation of PEG-ADA and use of mild preconditioning. MOL THER , 14 (4) 505 - 513. 10.1016/j.ymthe.2006.06.007.
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Gene therapy is a promising treatment option for monogenic diseases, but success has been seen in only a handful of studies thus far. We now document successful reconstitution of immune function in a child with the adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) following hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy. An ADA-SCID child who showed a poor response to PEG-ADA enzyme replacement was enrolled into the clinical study. Following cessation of enzyme replacement therapy, autologous CD34(+) HSCs were transduced with an ADA-expressing gammaretroviral vector. Gene-modified cells were reinfused following one dose of preconditioning chemotherapy. Two years after the procedure, immunological and biochemical correction has been maintained with progressive increase in lymphocyte numbers, reinitiation of thymopoiesis, and systemic detoxification of ADA metabolites. Sustained vector marking with detection of polyclonal vector integration sites in multiple cell lineages and detection of ADA activity in red blood cells suggests transduction of early hematopoietic progenitors. No serious side effects were seen either as a result of the conditioning procedure or due to retroviral insertion. Gene therapy is an effective treatment option for the treatment of ADA-SCID.
|Title:||Successful reconstitution of immunity in ADA-SCID by stem cell gene therapy following cessation of PEG-ADA and use of mild preconditioning|
|Keywords:||gene therapy, SCID, retroviral vector, adenosine deaminase, SEVERE COMBINED IMMUNODEFICIENCY, ADENOSINE-DEAMINASE DEFICIENCY, BONE-MARROW-TRANSPLANTATION, ENZYME REPLACEMENT, CORD BLOOD, EXPRESSION, VECTOR, CHILDREN, SURVIVAL|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Child Health > Department of Infection and Immunity > ICH - Molecular Immunology Unit|
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