Quillaja saponin formulations that stimulate proinflammatory cytokines elicit a potent acquired cell-mediated immunity.
SCAND J IMMUNOL
371 - 377.
We examined the ability of various Quillaja saponins in iscom-matrix formulations to induce proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1 alpha and IL-6, and to stimulate acquired immune responses to influenza virus envelope proteins. The A-fraction of Quillaja saponins (QH-A) was shown to stimulate antigen-presenting cells (APC) to produce proinflammatory cytokines, and elicited a high primary antigen-specific antibody response and potent cell-mediated responses, as measured by T-cell proliferation, production of cytokines and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) activity. The C-fraction of Quillaja saponins (QH-C) was shown to have a low capacity to stimulate proinflammatory cytokines and elicited low primary antibody and T-cell responses. However, the QH-C iscom-matrix mediated a potent booster effect, resulting in a high secondary antibody response. The ability of APC to discriminate and to respond to QH-A formulations more efficiently than to QH-C with release of proinflammatory cytokines, which precedes a potent acquired immune response, identifies an important mechanism through which some adjuvants may exert their immunoenhancing activities.
|Title:||Quillaja saponin formulations that stimulate proinflammatory cytokines elicit a potent acquired cell-mediated immunity|
|Keywords:||ADJUVANT ACTIVITY, ISCOM-MATRIX, IN-VIVO, T-CELLS, INDUCTION, ANTIGEN, MOTIFS, IL-6|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
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