Behboudi, S and Morein, B and Ronnberg, B (1995) Isolation and quantification of Quillaja saponaria Molina saponins and lipids in iscom-matrix and iscoms. VACCINE , 13 (17) 1690 - 1696.
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In the iscom, multiple copies of antigen are attached by hydrophobic interaction to a matrix which is built up by Quillaja triterpenoid saponins and lipids, Thus, the iscom presents antigen in multimeric from in a small particle with a built-in adjuvant resulting in a highly immunogenic antigen formulation. We have designed a chloroform-methanol-water extraction procedure to isolate the triterpenoid saponins and lipids incorporated into iscom-matrix and iscoms. The triterpenoids in the triterpenoid phase were quantitated using orcinol sulfuric acid detecting their carbohydrate chains and by HPLC, The cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine in the lipid phase were quantitated by HPLC and a commercial colorimetric method for the cholesterol. The quantitative methods showed an almost total separation and recovery of triterpenoids and lipids in their respective phases, while protein was detected in all phases after extraction, The protein content was determined by the method of Lowry and by amino acid analysis. Amino acid analysis was shown to be the reliable method of the two to quantitate proteins in iscoms. In conclusion, simple, reproducible and efficient procedures have been designed to isolate and conclusion, the triterpenoids and lipids added for preparation of iscom-matrix and iscoms. The procedures described should also be useful to adequately define constituents in prospective vaccines.
|Title:||Isolation and quantification of Quillaja saponaria Molina saponins and lipids in iscom-matrix and iscoms|
|Keywords:||adjuvants, iscom-matrix, iscom, solvent extraction, quantification, ENVELOPED VIRUSES, COMPLEXES ISCOMS, PROTEIN|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)|
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