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DEVELOPMENTAL INHIBITION OF SPODOPTERA-LITURA (FAB) LARVAE BY A NOVEL CAFFEOYLQUINIC ACID FROM THE WILD GROUNDNUT, ARACHIS-PARAGUARIENSIS (CHOD ET HASSL)

STEVENSON, PC; ANDERSON, JC; BLANEY, WM; SIMMONDS, MSJ; (1993) DEVELOPMENTAL INHIBITION OF SPODOPTERA-LITURA (FAB) LARVAE BY A NOVEL CAFFEOYLQUINIC ACID FROM THE WILD GROUNDNUT, ARACHIS-PARAGUARIENSIS (CHOD ET HASSL). J CHEM ECOL , 19 (12) 2917 - 2933.

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Abstract

A novel compound, 1-caffeoyl-4-deoxyquinic acid (1-CdQA) has been identified along with 3-caffeoylquinic acid (3-CQA) and 5-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA) (syn. chlorogenic acid) in the foliage of Arachis paraguariensis, a wild species of groundnut that is highly resistant to attack by the larvae of Spodoptera litura. When neonate larvae were fed on diets treated with 3-CQA or 1-CdQA, their development was severely inhibited compared to larvae on untreated diets, and the effects were similar in nature and magnitude to those observed for larvae feeding on diets treated with 5-CQA, rutin, and quercetin. The effects of all the compounds were dose related, and their optimal concentration was approximately 3 mM, which corresponds to the total foliar concentration of both caffeoylquinic acids and quercetin diglycosides in A. paraguariensis. After 24 h, the development of third stadium larvae feeding on diets treated with 5-CQA, rutin and 1-CdQA was promoted compared to larvae on control diets, but after 96 hr larvae feeding on treated diets had gained significantly less weight than those on the control diets. 1-CdQA, 3-CQA, and quercetin dyglycosides (previously identified in the foliage of A. paraguariensis) are considered to be valuable components in resistance of groundnuts to S. litura and may provide useful genetic markers in future breeding for resistance to this pest.

Type:Article
Title:DEVELOPMENTAL INHIBITION OF SPODOPTERA-LITURA (FAB) LARVAE BY A NOVEL CAFFEOYLQUINIC ACID FROM THE WILD GROUNDNUT, ARACHIS-PARAGUARIENSIS (CHOD ET HASSL)
Keywords:SPODAPTERA LITURA, LEPIDOPTERA, NOCTUIDAE, ARACHIS PARAGUARIENSIS,, WILD GROUNDNUTS, CAFFEOYLQUINIC ACIDS, RESISTANCE, RUTIN, QUERCETIN, PHENOLICS, GROWTH INHIBITION, ARACHIS HYPOGAEA, GROWTH-INHIBITORS, HELIOTHIS-ZEA, LEPIDOPTEROUS LARVAE, ARMYWORM LARVAE, TOMATO, AZADIRACHTIN, FRUITWORM, TOXICITY
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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