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Airway and systemic inflammation and decline in lung function in patients with COPD.

Donaldson, GC; Seemungal, TAR; Patel, IS; Bhowmik, A; Wilkinson, TMA; Hurst, JR; Maccallum, PK; (2005) Airway and systemic inflammation and decline in lung function in patients with COPD. Chest , 128 (4) pp. 1995-2004. 10.1378/chest.128.4.1995.

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Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Patients with COPD experience lower airway and systemic inflammation, and an accelerated decline in FEV1. There is no evidence on whether this inflammation changes over time, or if it is associated with a faster decline in FEV1. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: A cohort of 148 COPD patients (100 men) was monitored daily for a median of 2.91 years (interquartile range [IQR], 2.1 to 4.8). At recruitment, median age was 68.5 years (IQR, 62.5 to 73.6) and FEV1 as percentage of predicted (FEV1%Pred) was 38.5% (IQR, 27.7 to 50.3). RESULTS: During the study, the patients experienced 1,389 exacerbations, a median of 2.52/yr (IQR, 1.48 to 3.96) and FEV1 declined by 40.2 mL/yr or as FEV1%Pred by 1.5%/yr. Concerning inflammatory markers, sputum interleukin (IL)-6 rose by 9 pg/mL/yr, sputum neutrophil count rose by 1.64 x 10(6) cells per gram sputum per year, an plasma fibrinogen rose by 0.10 g/L/yr (all p < 0.05). Patients with frequent exacerbations (> or = 2.52/yr) had a faster rise over time in plasma fibrinogen and sputum IL-6 of 0.063 g/L/yr (p = 0.046, n = 130) and 29.5 pg/mL/yr (p < 0.001, n = 98), respectively, compared to patients with infrequent exacerbations (< 2.52/yr). Using the earliest stable (nonexacerbation) measured marker, patients whose IL-6 exceeded the group median had a faster FEV1%Pred decline of 0.42%/yr (p = 0.018). Similarly, a high neutrophil count or fibrinogen were associated with a faster FEV1%Pred decline of 0.97%/yr (p = 0.001) and 0.40%/yr (p = 0.014), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In COPD, airway and systemic inflammatory markers increase over time; high levels of these markers are associated with a faster decline in lung function.

Type: Article
Title: Airway and systemic inflammation and decline in lung function in patients with COPD.
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1378/chest.128.4.1995
Keywords: Aged, Biomarkers, Cohort Studies, Disease Progression, Female, Forced Expiratory Volume, Humans, Inflammation, Interleukin-6, Male, Patient Selection, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Respiratory Function Tests, Sputum
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Internal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8002
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