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Synthesis of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 by human endothelial cells is regulated by inflammatory cytokines: A novel autocrine determinant of vascular cell adhesion

Zehnder, D; Bland, R; Chana, RS; Wheeler, DC; Howie, AJ; Williams, MC; Stewart, PM; (2002) Synthesis of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 by human endothelial cells is regulated by inflammatory cytokines: A novel autocrine determinant of vascular cell adhesion. J AM SOC NEPHROL , 13 (3) ? - ?.

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Abstract

In addition to its calciotropic function, the secosteroid 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (1,25(OH)(2)D-3) has potent non-classical effects. In particular, local production of 1,25D(3) catalyzed by the enzyme 1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha-OHase) may act as an autocrinc/paracrine immunomodulatory mechanism. To investigate the significance of this in vascular tissue the expression and function of 1alpha-OHase in human endothelial cells was characterized. Immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization analyses show, for the first time, the presence of 1alpha-OHase mRNA and protein in endothelial cells from human renal arteries as well as postcapillary venules from lymphoid tissue. Reverse transcription-PCR and Western blot analyses confirmed the presence of 1alpha-OHase in primary cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Enzyme activity in HUVEC (318 +/- 56 fmoles 1,25(OH)(2)D-3/hr/mg protein) increased after treatment with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (1054 +/- 166, P < 0.01), lipopolysaccharide (1381 +/- 88, P < 0.01), or forskolin (554 56, P < 0,05). Functional studies showed that exogenously added 1,25(OH)(2)D-3 or its precursor, 25-hydroxyvitamin D-3 (25(OH)D-3), significantly decreased HUVEC proliferation after 72 h of treatment (33% and 11%, respectively). In addition, after 24 h treatment, both 1,25(OH)(2)D-3 and 25(OH)D-3 increased the adhesion of monocytic U937 cells to HUVEC (159% and 153%, respectively). These data indicate that human endothelia are able to produce active vitamin D. The rapid induction of endothelial 1 alpha-OHase activity by inflammatory cytokines suggests a novel autocrine/paracrine role for the enzyme, possibly as a modulator of endothelial cell adhesion.

Type: Article
Title: Synthesis of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 by human endothelial cells is regulated by inflammatory cytokines: A novel autocrine determinant of vascular cell adhesion
Identifier: PMID: 11856765
Keywords: VITAMIN-D METABOLISM, STAGE RENAL-DISEASE, 25-HYDROXYVITAMIN D-3-1-ALPHA-HYDROXYLASE, PROSTATE-CANCER, NITRIC-OXIDE, D ANALOGS, EXPRESSION, CALCIFICATION, COLON, LINE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Nephrology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7901
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