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Targets and reality: A comparison of health care indicators in the US (Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study) and Hungary (DiabCare Hungary)

Tabak, AG; Tamas, G; Zgibor, J; Wilson, R; Becker, D; Kerenyi, Z; Orchard, TJ; (2000) Targets and reality: A comparison of health care indicators in the US (Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study) and Hungary (DiabCare Hungary). DIABETES CARE , 23 (9) 1284 - 1289.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE - In the U.S., both primary care and specialist physicians share in the care of type 1 diabetic patients, often in an informal collaboration. In Hungary, however, type 1 diabetic patients are generally managed in special centralized diabetes units. These different treatment settings may lead to different health care practices and outcomes. To determine if this is true, diabetes care indicators and complications were compared across representative study populations from the 2 countries.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study (EDC) is a prospective cohort of childhood-onset type 1 diabetic patients. DiabCare Hungary, a multicenter cross-sectional study, was developed fur quality control purposes and provides a nationwide data set of diabetic patients. We identified 2 comparable populations (EDC, n = 416; DiabCare, n = 405) in terms of age (greater than or equal to 14 years) and age at onset (<17 years).RESULTS - EDC patients were less likely to receive diabetes education (P < 0.0001), see an ophthalmologist (P < 0.0001), be treated by diabetologists (P < 0.0001), or perform self-monitoring of blood glucose (P < 0.0001). They were more likely to use conservative insulin regimens (i.e., 1-2 injections/day, P < 0.0001) and have a higher glycated hemoglobin (P < 0.0001), DiabCare patients more often experienced severe hypoglycemia (P < 0.01) and had a lower prevalence of proliferative retinopathy (P < 0.0001), legal blindness (P < 0.05), and albuminuria (greater than or equal to 30 mg/day, P < 0.01). No significant differences in macrovascular complications were seen, although rates were generally low.CONCLUSIONS - These data suggest that the 2 populations differ by their diabetes care practices, degree of glycemic control, and microvascular complication status.

Type: Article
Title: Targets and reality: A comparison of health care indicators in the US (Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study) and Hungary (DiabCare Hungary)
Location: SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA
Keywords: POPULATION, IDDM, DISEASE, RETINOPATHY, MANAGEMENT, PHYSICIANS, MELLITUS, PROGRAM, ROUTINE, QUALITY
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/77685
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