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GENETIC-EVIDENCE THAT THE PUTATIVE RECEPTOR-BINDING DOMAIN OF APOLIPOPROTEIN-B (RESIDUE-3130 TO RESIDUE-3630) IS NOT THE ONLY REGION OF THE PROTEIN INVOLVED IN INTERACTION WITH THE LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN RECEPTOR

DUNNING, AM; HOULSTON, R; FROSTEGARD, J; REVILL, J; NILSSON, J; HAMSTEN, A; ... HUMPHRIES, S; + view all (1991) GENETIC-EVIDENCE THAT THE PUTATIVE RECEPTOR-BINDING DOMAIN OF APOLIPOPROTEIN-B (RESIDUE-3130 TO RESIDUE-3630) IS NOT THE ONLY REGION OF THE PROTEIN INVOLVED IN INTERACTION WITH THE LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN RECEPTOR. BIOCHIM BIOPHYS ACTA , 1096 (3) 231 - 237.

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Abstract

We have searched for sequence differences in the region of the apolipoprotein B (apo B) gene encoding amino acids 3130-3630 in eight individuals with reduced affinity of low density lipoprotein (LDL) for the normal LDL-receptor. All individuals were hypercholesterolaemic and were selected either on the basis of reduced fractional catabolic rate (FCR) of autologous LDL or substantially reduced binding of their LDL to normal LDL-receptors determined by an in vitro cell growth assay using the U937 macrophage-like cell line. Segments of the apo B gene were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction. Using a combination of cloning and sequencing the amplified fragment, together with chemical cleavage mismatch analysis, no sequence differences were identified in this region of the gene. We therefore conclude that variation outside the region of the apo B gene that codes for amino acids 3130-3630 must be responsible for the reduced LDL clearance in these patients.

Type:Article
Title:GENETIC-EVIDENCE THAT THE PUTATIVE RECEPTOR-BINDING DOMAIN OF APOLIPOPROTEIN-B (RESIDUE-3130 TO RESIDUE-3630) IS NOT THE ONLY REGION OF THE PROTEIN INVOLVED IN INTERACTION WITH THE LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN RECEPTOR
Keywords:APOLIPOPROTEIN-B, RECEPTOR BINDING DOMAIN, LDL RECEPTOR, HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA, GENE MUTATION, (HUMAN FIBROBLAST), CATABOLIC RATE, HYPOBETALIPOPROTEINEMIA, POLYMORPHISM, INDIVIDUALS, POLYMERASE, MUTATIONS, SEQUENCE, B-100, LEVEL, DNA
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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