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The oldest X-ray supernovae: X-ray emission from 1941C, 1959D, and 1968D

Soria, R; Perna, R; (2008) The oldest X-ray supernovae: X-ray emission from 1941C, 1959D, and 1968D. ASTROPHYS J , 683 (2) 767 - 772.

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Abstract

We have studied the X-ray emission from four historical Type II supernovae ( the newly recovered 1941C in NGC 4136 and 1959D in NGC 7331; and 1968D and 1980K in NGC 6946), using Chandra ACIS-S imaging. In particular, the first three are the oldest ever found in the X-ray band, and provide constraints on the properties of the stellar wind and circumstellar matter encountered by the expanding shock at more advanced stages in the transition toward the remnant phase. We estimate emitted luminosities approximate to 5 x 10(37) erg s(-1) for SN 1941C, similar to a few x 10(37) erg s(-1) for SN 1959D, approximate to 2 x 10(38) erg s(-1) for SN 1968D, and approximate to 4 x 10(37) erg s(-1) for SN 1980K, in the 0.3-8 keV band. X-ray spectral fits to SN 1968D suggest the presence of a harder component, possibly a power law with photon index approximate to 2, contributing approximate to 10(37) erg s(-1) in the 2-10 keV band. We speculate that it may be evidence of nonthermal emission from a Crab-like young pulsar.

Type:Article
Title:The oldest X-ray supernovae: X-ray emission from 1941C, 1959D, and 1968D
Keywords:circumstellar matter, supernova remnants, supernovae : individual (SN 1941C,SN 1959D,SN 1968D,SN 1980K), X-rays : general, X-rays : individual (SN 1941C,SN 1959D,SN 1968D,SN 1980K), II SUPERNOVAE, CIRCUMSTELLAR INTERACTION, HISTORICAL SUPERNOVAE, RADIO-EMISSION, NEUTRON-STARS, NGC-6946, CHANDRA, LUMINOSITY, GALAXIES, EVOLUTION
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Space and Climate Physics

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