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Aftiphilin and gamma-Synergin Are Required for Secretagogue Sensitivity of Weibel-Palade Bodies in Endothelial Cells

Lui-Roberts, WWY; Ferraro, F; Nightingale, TD; Cutler, DF; (2008) Aftiphilin and gamma-Synergin Are Required for Secretagogue Sensitivity of Weibel-Palade Bodies in Endothelial Cells. MOL BIOL CELL , 19 (12) 5072 - 5081. 10.1091/mbc.E08-03-0301.

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Abstract

Formation of secretory organelles requires the coupling of cargo selection to targeting into the correct exocytic pathway. Although the assembly of regulated secretory granules is driven in part by selective aggregation and retention of content, we recently reported that adaptor protein-1 (AP-1) recruitment of clathrin is essential to the initial formation of Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs) at the trans-Golgi network. A selective co-aggregation process might include recruitment of components required for targeting to the regulated secretory pathway. However, we find that acquisition of the regulated secretory phenotype by WPBs in endothelial cells is coupled to but can be separated from formation of the distinctive granule core by ablation of the AP-1 effectors aftiphilin and gamma-synergin. Their depletion by small interfering RNA leads to WPBs that fail to respond to secretagogue and release their content in an unregulated manner. We find that these non-responsive WPBs have density, markers of maturation, and highly multimerized von Willebrand factor similar to those of wild-type granules. Thus, by also recruiting aftiphilin/gamma-synergin in addition to clathrin, AP-1 coordinates formation of WPBs with their acquisition of a regulated secretory phenotype.

Type:Article
Title:Aftiphilin and gamma-Synergin Are Required for Secretagogue Sensitivity of Weibel-Palade Bodies in Endothelial Cells
DOI:10.1091/mbc.E08-03-0301
Keywords:VON-WILLEBRAND-FACTOR, SECRETORY GRANULE BIOGENESIS, DOMAIN-CONTAINING PROTEIN, P-SELECTIN, MEMBRANE-PROTEIN, REGULATED SECRETION, CARGO RECOGNITION, COATED VESICLES, ACIDIC PH, STORAGE

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