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Biologically inspired radar and sonar target classification

Balleri, A.; (2010) Biologically inspired radar and sonar target classification. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Classification of targets is a key problem of modern radar and sonar systems. This is an activity carried out with great success by echolocating mammals, such as bats, that have evolved echolocation as a means of detecting, selecting and attacking prey over a period of more than 50 million years. Because they have developed a highly sophisticated capability on which they depend for their survival, it is likely that there is potentially a great deal that can be learnt from understanding how they use this capability and how this might be valuably applied to radar and sonar systems. Bat-pollinated plants and their flowers represent a very interesting class of organisms for the study of target classification as it is thought that co-evolution has shaped bat-pollinated flowers in order to ease classification by bats. In this thesis, the strategy that underpins classification of flowers by bats is investigated. An acoustic radar has been developed to collect data to perform a floral echoes analysis. Results show that there is a relative relevance of specific parts of the flower in displaying information to bats and show that there are different characteristics in the flowers' echo fingerprints, depending on age and stage of maturity, that bats might use to choose the most suitable flowers for pollination. We show that, as suggested by the oral echoes analysis, a more intelligent way to perform target classification can result in improved classification performance and, investigate biologically inspired methods and ideas that might become important tools for the study and the development of radar and sonar target classification.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Biologically inspired radar and sonar target classification
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Electronic and Electrical Engineering

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