Awan, MM; Taunyane, C; Aitchison, KA; Yellon, DM; Opie, LH; (1999) Normothermic transfer times up to 3 min will not precondition the isolated rat heart. J MOL CELL CARDIOL , 31 (3) 503 - 511.
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Isolated, perfused heart preparations suffer an inevitable peri-operative delay (POD) before retrograde perfusion restores coronary flow. By varying this ischaemic period we investigated the threshold of POD-induced inadvertent preconditioning (PC) in the rat heart. Hearts subjected to POD at 37 degrees C increasing from 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 up to 15 min prior to 20 min retrograde perfusion were further subjected to 30 min global, normothermic ischaemia and 30 min reperfusion (index I/R), The functional recovery was 32 +/- 4.1% in hearts subject to 1 min POD. lifter 3 min POD functional recovery started to improve and peaked at 10 min POD (78 +/- 7.1%. P<0.001). At 4 degrees C functional recovery started to improve after 5 min POD and peaked at 10 min POD. To demonstrate that the POD-mediated protection was true PC, two conventional models of PC were established. In both models, hearts were retrogradely pel fused within 1 min POD prior to a standard PC protocol (one episode of 10 min ischaemia, or four episodes of 5 min ischaemia). In the conventional PC models protection against the index I/R was abolished using 100 mu M 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD), the mitrochondrial K-ATP channel inhibitor. Likewise. 10 min POD-mediated recovery at 37 degrees C (70 +/- 3.2%) was reversed by 100 mu M 5-HD perfusion (36 +/- 5.9%; NS vs 2 min POD), We conclude: iii the threshold for PC is greater than 3 min at 37 degrees C and greater than 5 min at 4 degrees C: (2) blockade of the mitochondrial K-ATP channel abolishes protection in three models of PC in the rat heart, including prolonged POD. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
|Title:||Normothermic transfer times up to 3 min will not precondition the isolated rat heart|
|Keywords:||isolated heart, ischaemia-reperfusion, inadvertent preconditioning, functional recovery, 5-hydroxydecanoate, DYSFUNCTION, REPERFUSION, MECHANISM|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science|
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