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A late glacial and Holocene record of biological and environmental changes from the crater Lake Albano, Central Italy: An interdisciplinary European project (PALICLAS)

Lami, A; Guilizzoni, P; Ryves, DB; Jones, VJ; Marchetto, A; Battarbee, RW; Belis, CA; ... Langone, L; + view all (1997) A late glacial and Holocene record of biological and environmental changes from the crater Lake Albano, Central Italy: An interdisciplinary European project (PALICLAS). WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION , 99 (1-4) 601 - 613.

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Abstract

This paper reports the results of biological analyses (pigments, diatoms, chrysophyte cysts, cladocerans, chironomids and ostracods) of a ca. 14 m-long sediment core recovered from Lake Albano (Central Italy) in the course of the EU-funded project PALICLAS (PALaeoenvironmental analysis of Italian Crater Lake and Adriatic Sediments).A reconstruction of the environmental evolution and ecosystem response of Lake Albano during the last ca. 30 kyr was possible. Additional information on lake level oscillation is obtained from benthic and planktonic palaeocommunities. Several oscillations in the productivity and the level of the lake were detected in the oldest sediment layers (from ca. 30 kyr BP to ca. 17 kyr BP), followed by a long (ca. 5 kyr BP) period of low productivity in which cold, holomictic conditions prevailed. A period of high biological activity and, probably, meromictic conditions during the early-mid Holocene was detected. A clear impact of human activities in the catchment was found at ca. 4 kyr BP in the form of increased erosion, associated with a decline in the abundance of biological remains. Further signs of human impact on the lake ecosystem are recorded during the Roman period. Although large-scale environmental changes (e.g. regional climate changes) caused many of the observed biological changes, human activities were important during the mid-late Holocene.

Type: Article
Title: A late glacial and Holocene record of biological and environmental changes from the crater Lake Albano, Central Italy: An interdisciplinary European project (PALICLAS)
Location: BAVENO, ITALY
Keywords: pigments, diatoms, cladocera, ostracods, chironomids, chrysophytes, sediments, Late Pleistocene, Holocene, crater lake, Italy, COLUMBIA CANADA LAKES, SEDIMENTARY PIGMENTS, CAROTENOIDS, INDICATORS, BACTERIA, HISTORY, MODEL
UCL classification: UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/73563
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